India’s Unity In Diversity::By:Pradip Sarkar

India’s Unity In Diversity

By:Pradip Sarka



ndia  is a  country of many ethnic groups, over 1650 spoken languages, dialects, regional  variations. It is a land of myriad  tongues , numerous modes of apparel and countless mannerisms. India  is an amazing country with a history going back many hundreds of years. The continental size of the country is responsible for variation and diversities. Besides, there are many religions, sects and belief. At times the wide differences seem to predominate and the resultant disharmony is regarded by many as irremediable, a phenomenon  that the 120 crore  people have to live with whether they like it or not. The cynics even regard the Indian people as quarrelsome , often  at each other’s  throat  denouncing others as if they were enemies for centuries. But those who stick to this impression ignore  a vital  factor --  there is a basic unity which runs through  the Indian  mainstream  of life and thought. It is  the dynamism and flexibility that have enabled the Indian culture  to survive despite its many diversities  and heavy odds.  Indian culture is actually a continuous synthesis and has observed  many external  influences  in course of history. A significant recognition  of the fusion of cultural trends comes  through the constitution  (article 51 A) which says  that it shall be the duty of every citizen of India  to value and preserve the  rich heritage of our composite culture. All these are indicative of cultural development.

 Calm reflection will show that attempts to enforce complete unity and disallow any difference of thought and approach in a large country like India would prove counter-productive and self-defeating. Who can deny the fact that the people of India have  throughout the  history honoured  saints, sages, religious preachers and philosophers who had different philosophy and thoughts. Had it not been for the tolerance shown by the people of India during the rule of the Mughals and other outsiders who brought in their own traditions and sought to impose them on this  country , the  amorphous , flexible  Indian culture would have  lost its moorings and charm. The Indian mind has assimilated much of the thinking of other cultures thus enriching itself and making itself durable and virtually indestructible. The English – knowing elite exist alongside the Indian language enthusiasts, without any tension.

 Another notable characteristics of Indian culture is that it has always been based on moral and religious  values.  The reflections of these  values  are   visible  throughout the country  . This is an amazing fact of the Indian culture. Of course there are groups  which seems  to be always  on the war-path and there are dissidents who question the basic framework  on which  the Indian  polity  is based. Fortunately they constitute a very small fraction of the total population. Indi a is a secular state and the people with a few exception have a reverence for every faith. There is no effort to impose one religion on others. The constitution itself framed with the full consent of the people. It guarantees the freedom of thought and expressions to all the citizen of India. The constitution does not recognize distinctions based on religion, sex, caste or any other such factors. This shows how tolerant we the Indians are towards each other.

In country like Pakistan ,national unity is sought to be achieved by arousing religious fanaticism and by conducting a “Hate India Campaign”. National unity in India  is achieved  not by arousing passions against any country or community  but by strengthening the bonds of unity among different section of people. The method  of achieving unity through hatred is much easier because the people  are brought together more readily against some common enemy, imaginary or real, than some real cause. 

Indian culture, in fact, represents a synthesis on many traits. It contains the best features of many traditions of other lands. In this land of liberal kings and rulers every people were free to choose their own ways of life. They were free to choose their religion. Even today this cultural tradition of the country is intact. Now western culture is being imitated by urban people. But we are lucky to have very few people who imitate blindly. Western culture could not gain foothold in our country due to many reasons. It will be a white lie to say that Western Culture has no good points or it is inferior. No culture is inferior. The   functionality of a culture depends on the people and the location of the country. It will be suicidal step to imitate Western Culture without understanding or consideration. The strength of the Indian culture is that it is an open culture. It is a composite culture. It is a result of fusion of different cultural traits. So, at last not the least it can be said with much confidence and certainty that India’s diversity is its strength.

About The Author: Pradip Sarkar is an Mechanical Engineer . He is a member of Tripura Civil Service  He  writes  about history,  sociology,  current affairs etc  etc.  Quizzing  is  his   hobby. You can contact him at

NB:All the views expressed here are the personal opinion of the author.


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